Abingdon School in Oxfordshire, England, is one of England’s oldest schools, dating back to 1256. It has a strong commitment to academic achievement, extracurricular activities and community service.
Every two years, the senior rugby team makes an overseas trip to learn about other parts of the world and also to play rugby. This year the team is visiting Australia and New Zealand and in addition to their busy schedule of rugby, sightseeing and learning, they also wanted to spend a day doing some community service and they chose CUE Haven as the venue.
The group of 45 students arrived shortly after nine thirty and included team members Adam, Andrew, Charlie, Christian, Conor, David, Dom, Ed A., Ed H., Ed W., Elliot, Finn, George B., George R., George S., Hamish, Harry, Henry, Jack H., Jack L., James B., James K., James R., Jamie, Jasper, Joe B., Joe M., John, Lewis, Luke, Max, Oscar, Patrick, Rhys, Rory, Sam, Stuart, Toby, Tom B., Tom C., Tom F., Tom G., Tom H., Tom W., and Will , and Abingdon School staff Andrew Broadbent, Ed Swanwick, Neil Hunter, Peter Coke, Pippa Bassett and Raj Ghosh.
Abingdon School has a long tradition of involvement with the Duke of Edinburgh Awards programme. CUE Haven too has a special relationship with the Duke of Edinburgh’s Hillary Awards (DoEHA) program and hosts the gold award residentials. Kathryn Wood of Auckland Challenge Inc., who runs the DoEHA Open Award Centre in Auckland and her grandson, Alex also spent the day with us.
We started off with morning tea, a welcome and an overview of the CUE Haven project. Because we have finished our planting for the season, we asked the boys to do the all-important task of marking each newly planted tree with a bamboo stake. We explained the planting process and why the stakes are necessary.
Because the CUE Haven restoration project involves converting an old dairy farm back into native New Zealand forest, we are planting pioneer trees into open paddocks. The paddocks are covered by rank kikuyu grass as we stopped grazing in 2009. To prepare the site for planting, we spray and slash the kikuyu and plant into the thick dead grass. By spring, however, the site will be covered with fast growing annual weeds and the stakes are a way for summer volunteers to find the trees and do weed releasing. Without the stakes there is a risk that the small trees could be overwhelmed by weeds.
We explained the process for staking the plants and gave a safety briefing and then went to work.
We first did the area near the wetlands. It was steep and slippery but the guys managed to get all the stakes in very quickly.
This area overlooked some of the sections we have planted in previous years and the boys could get an idea of how the spot they were working in will look in about five years.
Even Rhys who is recovering from a leg injury helped out on the level areas.
The boys quickly found that the stakes make great weapons!
Once we’d finished the first area, we took a long walk via the gully walking track to the next planting area. The group had a chance to explore some of the more mature bush on the property and also to see some work that other groups had done.
This second work area was near the top of the property. It was more level but took more time because it was more spread out.
From this site the boys got a good view of the area where they’d worked below by the wetlands.
Once we finished putting in all the stakes we continued with a tour of the property.
Several of the Abingdon School students are also doing their Duke of Edinburgh Awards. We wanted to show the students more of the creative art work that the NZ DoEHA gold award residential students have created at CUE Haven.
This included the old water tank which is now the DoEHA hut and the chess board constructed on the old water trough–along with the handcrafted chessmen.
The students took the opportunity to have an intense chess game
To celebrate their visit to New Zealand and CUE Haven, we gifted the team five golden totara trees. The totara (Podicarpus totara) is a native New Zealand tree. It was highly valued by the Maori for building waka (canoes) and for carving. Totara can grow to 30 metres and live for hundreds of years. The boys planted their totara along the road near the DoEHA Grove.
Delwyn Dickey, senior reporter with the Rodney Times, came out to CUE Haven and interviewed several of the students and staff about their trip to New Zealand and their visit to the Kaipara.
Once the planting was finished the team enjoyed a well-deserved hot BBQ lunch and took some time to relax and unwind.
A great end to a very successful day. The team managed to stake over 9,000 trees in just a couple of hours! Excellent effort!
We’d like to thank Nick Ball of Top Match Tours for organising the Abingdon School visit and selecting CUE Haven as the site where the students would do their community work.
A big thank you to Merv and Glenise for the delicious morning tea and lunch and for helping to make the group welcome Kiwi style.
And many thanks to Kathrine Wood of the Duke of Edinburgh’s Hillary Awards programme in New Zealand and her grandson Alex for spending the day with us and helping to host the team and also helping out on the field.
We want to thank the Abingdon school staff who worked hard alongside the students. We enjoyed meeting you all and appreciate your support. Thanks.
And most of all we want to thank the Abingdon School rugby team. We really appreciate your hard work and it was fun getting to know you and working with you. You have made a long lasting contribution to the CUE Haven restoration project and the community.
The stakes you put in will make weed releasing around the trees easier and will ensure that the pioneer trees will grow well. These trees will form the initial canopy for the more long lived trees like the totaras that you planted. When the planting is finished we will be covenanting the property with the QEII Open Spaces Trust which will ensure that the trees will be protected into perpetuity, and we will be gifting the restored property to the community to enjoy as a native New Zealand nature reserve. Your efforts and contribution today have helped with the creation of a wonderful native forest which the community will enjoy for generations. Thank you!!
We hope you have had a great visit and wish you much happiness and success in the future. We hope that you will come back to New Zealand with your families to see more of the country and to visit CUE Haven.
Westlake Girls High School on Auckland’s North Shore is one of New Zealand’s largest girls schools. In 2014, teacher Maree O’Leary brought out a class of Gateway programme students and the girls built benches, signs and a bird feeder all of which they installed at CUE Haven and are still being enjoyed by visitors.
This year’s Gateway class decided to make weta hotels to install in the bush to give visitors a chance to observe some of the endangered New Zealand wildlife that is slowly coming back to CUE Haven.
Weta are large nocturnal insects indigenous to NZ and there are several different types – Tree, Ground, Cave, Tusked and Giant Weta and they all perform important functions in the health of native NZ forests. Tusked and Giant Weta are endangered and protected by the Department of Conservation.
Tree Weta are the most common and they make their homes by burrowing into trees and can grow up to 6 cm long.
Weta hotels are boxes with pre-cut galleries that tree weta quickly settle into. They provide a safe, dry and warm environment where several weta can live. As weta are nocturnal, the boxes have a hinged door to block out the light. A clear window is attached over the galleries so that you can slide open the door and have a look inside and see the weta.
The girls assembled eight weta hotels in their work shop and brought them out to install them in the field. Each box had been made out of a piece of native NZ totara wood.
The group arrived shortly after ten and included teachers Maree O’Leary and Christine Weeks and students Aimee, Amy, Asi, Bailey, Brittany, Bushra, Cecilia, Cheyanne, Georgia, Holly, Jemma, Kyla, Leilani, Mila, Na’a, Natasha, Nathalie, Nicki, Robyn, Selena, Shannon, Simona, Siosiana, Sophia, Talia, Tayla and Trani.
We got acquainted over morning tea. It was a cold and wet morning and the hot chocolate generously provided by Nestle New Zealand, was much enjoyed and appreciated. Thanks Nestle!
We gave the group a brief overview of the CUE Haven restoration project.
We were then joined by Auckland Council Environment for Sustainability Advisor Shanthie Walker. Shanthie gave the students some information on weta and also advised us on where to best place the hotels in the field.
Shanthie first talked about the different types of weta and showed pictures and described the characteristics of cave, tree, ground, tusked and giant weta.
Shanthie had brought along a live tree weta in a mini-hotel which had been kindly provided by Maureen Robertson, an enviro teacher from Verran Primary school. Shanthie passed the weta around so that the students could have a good look.
Shanthie also explained weta habits and showed samples of the kinds of native vegetation they like to eat. Knowing likely food sources for weta helped us to identify the best places to put the hotels so that we would stand a better chance of attracting weta.
The students had a chance to learn to identify the different trees so that they could spot them in the field.
We then went out to install the hotels in the field. It was windy and rainy at first so we got as much wet weather gear as we could before venturing out.
The first box was installed next to a kawakawa tree, one of the weta’s favourite foods. Thomas demonstrated how to do the first installation so the girls could do the rest.
Other boxes were installed throughout the property near trees that weta like to eat. The location and orientation of each hotel was recorded along with information about the surrounding terrain and vegetation. This will give us useful data so that we can identify which locations are more desirable for weta.
Shanthie helped the students find good spots for the hotels.
And the girls went to work!
Fortunately, the weather cleared up and the students enjoyed the rest of the walk in the bush.
After the eight boxes were installed the girls went back to the cottage for a quick lunch.
Shanthie left the weta she had brought and suggested that we introduce it to one of the new hotels.
We gently coaxed it into the weta hotel next to the kawakawa tree by the cottage.
And soon it was well settled in its new home.
The weta hotels are a great addition to the CUE Haven landscape and visitors in the future will be able to observe and learn about weta thanks to the efforts of the Westlake Girls High School students.
It was an educational and also very enjoyable day, and before they left the students treated us to a special Samoan song!
We’d like to thank Shanthie for arranging her schedule so that she could join us today and also for her excellent and informative presentation. And Maureen thanks for providing the weta.
We also want to thank Auckland Council for making Shanthie available and for supporting our environmental education efforts at CUE Haven.
Our many thanks to Maree for her continuing involvement with CUE Haven and for organising the building of the weta hotels and bringing the girls out for a great day. And thank you to Christine for joining us and for your continued support.
And thanks again to Karen, the bus driver from Bayes Transport who always works as hard as any of the volunteers she brings out! It was great to see you again.
And we especially want to thank the girls for assembling the excellent weta hotels and for installing them in the field. They look great and we know that the weta are going to love them too. We really enjoyed meeting you and working with you and wish you much happiness and success in the future. We hope you will come back to visit. And have a look inside your weta hotels—if you’re brave!!
Cécilia Mélé and Jérôme Joanny are environmental engineers from Paris, France. They have taken a one year sabbatical from their jobs and are travelling and doing volunteer work at various conservation projects throughout New Zealand.
They contacted us earlier in the year through the Department of Conservation and we agreed that they would spend a week with us learning about the CUE Haven restoration project and helping out with some projects.
They arrived on Monday afternoon and we took some time to get acquainted and give them a tour of the project. We provided them with a list of the projects they could assist with.
We were especially keen to use Cécilia & Jérôme’s environmental engineering skills to lay out the route for a walking track from the top of the property down to the Duke of Edinburgh’s Hillary Award Grove. The track will traverse a steep area which is crisscrossed by streams and which will be planted in 2016.
Jérôme and Cécilia found an interesting route which minimises the need for steps and bridges and they marked out the area with stakes and tags.
A section of the future track:
And here is where it will join up with the existing tracks:
They also tackled a shorter but more challenging track planning project. The wetlands boardwalk can currently be accessed from three points around the property but it is necessary to walk a distance to reach any of those points. Because many people use the boardwalk to plant memorial trees, we have been wanting to build an entrance near the nursery. The area is very wet and steep and Cécilia and Jérôme found and interesting and picturesque way down and again marked it with stakes and flags.
We plan to have our volunteers start construction on both the boardwalk extension and the track at the top of the property this summer.
Cécilia and Jérôme also spent some time planting a couple hundred native trees as part of our revegetation planting this season.
They also pruned the fruit trees in the orchard and weeded and cleared the path.
We also had some rainy day jobs—cleaning up the garage and the nursery and they did a great job!
Straightening up the nursery was a huge challenge. We have been using it as a nursery, carpentry shop and equipment store and have really never taken the time to organise everything. Jérôme and Cécilia did take the time and totally transformed the nursery and storeroom.
They built racks and sorted out all the tools and equipment and put everything in a logical place. It is an amazing improvement and we will be thanking them every time we don’t have to go searching for something!
WOW! CUE Haven is looking quite a bit different in just a week!
Cécilia and Jérôme, we really appreciated having you as our guests at CUE Haven. We enjoyed meeting you and talking to you and we really liked the way you got involved with the project and accomplished so much in such a short time.
Our many thanks for all your hard work and contribution to the project. The work you’ve done, from planting trees, to laying out tracks will last for a long, long time. We hope you will come back to walk on the tracks you have laid out and see how the trees you planted have grown.
We will probably mess up the nursery fairly quickly however! But it will be a lot easier to straighten up now that you’ve organised it so well!
We hope you have a wonderful sabbatical in New Zealand and wish you a happy and safe time and all the best in the future when you return to France. We very much look forward to meeting up with you sometime soon.
Air New Zealand has a strong commitment to offsetting the impact of air travel on the environment and accordingly, Air New Zealand employees are involved in several green initiatives. The Air New Zealand Greenteam includes almost 3,000 employees who are committed to environmental action and education both at work and home.
Among other things, the Greenteam members and their families and friends participate in educational activities such as taking field trips to observe native birds, insects and plants at close range, doing beach clean ups and tree plantings.
Today we were very fortunate to have ten Greenteam members plus twelve of their family members come out for our last planting day of the season. Joining us were Andrea, Angela, Bill, Brett, Castor, Carys, Denise, Eileen, Fiona, Jan, Jing, Joan, Karl, Klass, Mike, Neena, Nelle, Rory, Samuel, Shelley, Steph and Trevor. They were helped out by Zoe, who is a regular volunteer at CUE Haven and Roger, who drove several members of the Air NZ Greenteam out today.
The team arrived and we got acquainted over morning tea and we gave a brief overview of the CUE Haven project and a safety briefing.
The task for the day was to fill in any spots that had been missed during previous plantings and also plant out an area still covered by thick dead grass. It was challenging planting but the weather was great and the team quickly got to work.
The neighbour’s cows kept a close eye on what we were doing!
And in just a few hours of work the team planted 492 trees—the last of the trees to be planted for the 2015 season. Yeah!!! It was an amazing effort by the group and we really appreciate it!
Before leaving the field the team gathered up all the pots and trays for recycling.
Then headed back to the cottage for a relaxing lunch.
After lunch we took the team for a long walk to explore the property and to check out the contributions of the numerous volunteers who have helped make CUE Haven so special.
A wonderful end to a very productive and enjoyable day.
Our many thanks to Shelley for organising the Air NZ Greenteam visit today. We really appreciate your support and look forward to continuing to work with you.
A big thank you to Rodger who took off his bus driver’s uniform and helped out with the planting today!
Many thanks also to our very enthusiastic and committed young volunteer Zoe, who regularly helps out at CUE Haven.
And extra special thanks to all the Greenteam members and their families who gave up a Saturday to come and help out. We really enjoyed meeting you all and working with you and truly appreciate your contribution. Thanks for a wonderful end to our 2015 planting season!
We look forward to having you all back at CUE Haven for a leisurely visit.
This week saw the fourteenth Duke of Edinburgh Hillary Awards (DoEHA) gold award residential at CUE Haven. It was a fun, inspiring and productive week. The team arrived on Monday morning and included Aida, Cam, Emma, Issac, James, Joanna, Jono, Jordyn, Tobias and Zak.
Jonathan was the team leader and it was great to have him back. Jono had done his gold award residential at CUE Have two years ago and was also the team leader for the April 2014 residential.
We got acquainted over morning tea and gave the group an overview of the CUE Haven project, the history of the DoEHA Grove and a description of the work planned for the week. It was great to learn that Tobias had been part of the very first tree planting at CUE Haven in 2008 when he came out for the Trees For Survival planting with the St Kentigern School.
We then went on a short tour of the property and showed the group the DoEHA Grove and the areas where they would be working.
The group worked on a variety of projects over the course of the week and brought a lot of creativity and ingenuity to the work. Because July is in the middle of our winter planting season they did a lot of tree planting. Additionally, they landscaped the entry to the Grove around the mosaic, finished an incomplete section of the wetlands boardwalk and built a bench and a picnic table. All of this in less than five days!!!
The team planted pioneer trees like manuka, kanuka, karamu in several areas around the property. And they also did infill planting of canopy trees like rimu, totara, nikau in and around the DoEHA Grove.
It was a lot of hard work but over the course of the week the team managed to plant over 1,200 trees! Great work!
One of the earliest projects undertaken during a gold award residential was a large mosaic of the DoEHA logo at the entrance to the Grove. Several teams have worked to improve and finish off the mosaic and during the last residential in April it was largely completed. The remaining task was to clear up the area around the mosaic and do some nice landscaping with native shrubs.
At the site, it was first necessary to clear up a lot of weeds and vegetation.
The walking track leading down to the mosaic also needed some work. It is steep and uneven in some areas and part of the team cleared and levelled it off.
They also identified the area as an ideal spot for a team bench and boxed in a platform area for the bench.
Meanwhile other team members laid out the landscaping plants and went to work planting.
The last task was to bring up gravel—one bucketful at a time—to finish off the track.
There was still a short section of entrance to the wetlands boardwalk that wasn’t complete and part of the team went to work to finish it off. It was challenging work because they had to join up two completed sections of boardwalk and it required a lot of measuring, digging and cutting.
First they had to dig out channels for the footer boards and measure and cut the boards.
It was then necessary to level the frames and secure them with pegs.
The next step is to nail down the top planks to create the boardwalk.
The team had to build some steps and some of the boardwalk sections were curved. This meant that the top planks had to be cut to shape. We trained and supervised the team members so they could use power tools to help with the cutting.
The final boardwalk step was to nail down wire mesh to prevent the surface from being slippery when wet or muddy.
The team’s efforts are a great improvement in the boardwalk that will be enjoyed by visitors for a long time.
While part of the team worked on the boardwalk, others tackled the project to build a bench to place on the walking track in the Grove. They took time to design how they wanted the bench to look and went to work cutting out timber and assembling the bench.
Slowly the bench took shape.
The team decided that the back rest of the bench should look like the crown of the DoEHA logo and so they cut out designs in the wood.
Once the bench was finished, it was time to take it up to the Grove and install it.
It was a long way from the road to the site and in addition to the bench the team had to bring down the equipment, cement and water that would be used for the installation.
The first step of the installation was to position the bench and figure out where to dig the holes for the legs.
The holes were marked and dug out.
The bench was then put in place and levelled and secured with cement.
The concrete was allowed to set overnight and the next morning the entire team went up to fix up the gravel around the bench.
And then it came time to test it out!
The bench is a great addition to the Grove and will be enjoyed by visitors for years to come.
When CUE Haven was a farm, old bathtubs were used as water troughs for the stock. There are still a few tubs around the property and while exploring, the team spotted four of them and brought them down to the nursery/workshop. They decided that two of them bolted together would make interesting picnic tables.
The first task was to clean them up and reinforce them.
They then gave them a good sanding to remove the rust before putting on a couple of coats of enamel paint.
The table top was built out of long boards.
Bolting the two tubs together bottom to bottom was a real challenge – especially for the person bolting from below.
The result is a quirky work of art and a very comfortable table that the team quickly adopted for socialising!
We only had enough timber for one table top, so the other table top and the benches will be built by the next DoEHA team in October and they will also install them in the Grove.
It was a fun and successful week and the team had no problem coping with the digital detox by just relaxing and playing non-digital games.
The team also participated in a Milo taste test – comparing the old and new Milo drinks.
And we belatedly celebrated Zak and Jono’s birthdays.
On the last day, the team cleaned up the cottage and nursery.
And ended the week by planting a celebratory miro tree in the Grove to commemorate new friendships.
We want to thank Nestle NZ for their support and for generously providing water bottles and delicious coffee, hot chocolate and Milo for the team.
Our thanks to Andy Woodhouse, National Training Director DoEHA programme, for organising the residential and for his continuing assistance and support.
A special Thank You to Jonathan for serving once again as team leader. It was great having you back and we hope to see you again soon.
And many many thanks to every one of the hard working team members. We really enjoyed meeting and working with you. You quickly moved from a group to a team and we are very impressed with your creativity and energy.
You have all made a very valuable and lasting contribution to the CUE Haven project. The trees you planted will provide food and shelter to birds and other wildlife, and all the work that you did on the boardwalk, bench and picnic table will be appreciated and enjoyed by visitors over the years to come.
We hope you will come back as team leaders for future DoEHA residentials. Best of luck in completing your gold awards and in all your future endeavours.
International Student Volunteers is a US based organisation which gives young people the opportunity to combine volunteering with adventure travel. ISV operates tours in six countries, including New Zealand. The focus is on conservation and learning about environmental sustainability and over 310 universities around the world recognize ISV projects for academic credit. This is the second time this year a group of ISV students visited CUE Haven.
The team included Andrea, Claire, Halle, Jordan, Justin, and Sophie. Evan Cameron of ISV NZ was the local team leader.
The team had arrived in NZ the previous week and had been working at Mataia, our neighbour’s down the road. They arrived at CUE Haven on Friday morning and we gave them an overview of the CUE Haven project and a description of the planned activities for the week.
We also took them on a tour of the property and encouraged them to explore in their free time.
The team spent Friday afternoon relaxing at the nearby hot pools and on Saturday visited a regional park and local beaches. Sunday they spent at a family and friends planting day at Mataia.
The team started work at CUE Haven on Monday morning. Because we are in the middle of our winter planting season, the main task for the week was planting and the team made a huge contribution to our planting efforts.
We gave the students an explanation of the types of trees we are planting and why some plants do better in different areas so that they could see how their work contributed to the restoration effort.
Over the course of the week the team planted in a variety of terrains. From open paddocks and boggy wetland areas:
To revegetating bush to do infill planting of canopy trees:
But the team smilingly handled all of these challenges well and made great progress.
In addition to planting, the group helped out with maintaining the tracks and fences by cutting away overhanging vegetation. It gave the students a chance to see more of the property and to explore some of the more mature bush.
The last task the team helped us with was some boardwalk remediation. Heavy rains over the past few weeks had made sections of the boardwalk, that had been boxed in but not boarded over, difficult to walk on and we’ve decided that the best solution is to plank over those areas and to incorporate them into the boardwalk.
It was challenging work because each section was different and customised solutions had to be developed for each area.
The first challenge involved a lot of digging in the compacted clay to install the support beams for the planks.
Once the framing was in place and level, the next task was to nail down the top planks. Because each box frame follows the contours of the land and the turns in the boardwalk, not all of the sections are square and the challenge is to cut the boards to neatly cover the area.
The last step is to nail down wire mesh over the boards to prevent them from being slippery in wet weather.
Although the clay was slippery to walk on and difficult to dig in the artists in the group found it was perfect for doing art work!
The team accomplished a lot of work in often difficult conditions—it was a cold and wet week! But it wasn’t all hard work. The team enjoyed some good cooking:
Took some well earned rests:
And enjoyed Justin’s ukulele playing:
Before the team left on Friday morning we celebrated an early birthday for Halle with a New Zealand Pavlova as a birthday cake.
A sweet ending to a wonderful week.
We’d like to thank Evan for his great work as a team leader this week and bringing the group together as a team.
And a big thank you to all the team members for their hard work and efforts! We enjoyed meeting and working with you all and really appreciate the major contribution you have made to the CUE Haven restoration project. We asked you to get out of your comfort zones and face some new and different challenges and you came through it smiling. Thank you very much. We wish you all the best in your future studies and endeavours and hope you will come back to CUE Haven to see how your trees have grown and to take a stroll on the boardwalk.
Two weeks ago, several staff from the Retail division of the Auckland office of Nestle New Zealand had a very successful planting day at CUE Haven. Today, eleven of their colleagues from the Professional Division who couldn’t come previously were on site for a sunny but cool day of planting.
The team arrived before nine and included AJ, Andrew H, Andrew M, Ann-Marie, Debbie, Karllie, Nick, Paul Sm, Paul St, Scott and Silvija.
We spent some time getting acquainted over morning tea and then gave the group an overview of the CUE Haven project, a description of the plan for the day and a safety briefing.
We then took the short walk out to the planting area.
Today we continued planting in the area that the other Nestle team had worked on and the team was joined by six American students with International Student Volunteers and their Kiwi team leader Evan. Both teams met up and went to work. It was challenging planting because the ground is steep and uneven and also covered with a thick layer of dead kikuyu grass.
The team went straight to work, carrying trays of plants up the hill to the planting areas.
As the team worked the cows on the neighbouring farm kept a close watch.
Before lunch they gathered up all the trays and pots and then went down for a relaxing lunch and to spend some time together.
It was a perfect day for planting and in just under three hours the combined teams planted 1,072 trees! An amazing effort
After lunch we took the Nestle team on a tour of the property and for a short walk down the gully walking track.
Once again, we had a fantastic time with the Nestle team. It was great meeting all of you and we were impressed with your professionalism, collegiality and hard work. We want to thank Kate and Debbie for all their help with organising the visit today and our many thanks to every one of you for all your hard work and effort today.
You have made a big contribution to your carbon-neutral initiative with all of the native trees you planted today. Not only will they be absorbing carbon from the atmosphere as they grow, they will also create a fantastic environment for birds, skinks and wetas. Thank you very much. We look forward to having you all back again for a more relaxing visit.
We are very grateful for all the support Nestle NZ has provided to CUE Haven over the years and we look forward to our ongoing partnership.